Three nymphs sit together and discuss the beautiful Venus lying on the ground. One of the nymphs holds a swan in her arms.
‘Deal Between Three Nymphs, Second Angle’ from the picture series ‘Digital Twins’ / Digital painting / 2022

The present work is protected by copyright in all its parts.
© 2022 by Heinz Hermann Maria Hoppe.
All rights reserved.


Images From Electricity : : :


h:h:m:h : : : Digital Art


Neurons are cells specialized for voltage changes. Ion currents flow through cell membranes. Dendrites pick up excitation from other cells. In the axon hillock, analog signals are transcoded into digital signals ... Our nervous system is based on impulses, excitation transfers and signal processing. If the voltage flows in the wrong place at the wrong time, we go crazy. If it fails, we are brain dead. We are electric. ///

Marshall McLuhan coined the phrase “the medium is the message.” Tool and medium shape image idea, execution and signal. Drawings, paintings and sculptures have been transmitting codes for millennia. Digital art, on the other hand, is already based on electrical coding in the process of creation. You can’t paint digital art ‘in oil’. The images are volatile; pixels replace pigments. Without electricity, no image can be created in the first place. But with digital tools, electrical voltage can be transformed into exciting visual worlds. Digital art is electric. ///

Pythagoras thought light was emitted by hot visual rays from the eyes. Physical experiments did not prove the connections between the electromagnetic rays that reach our optic nerves until much later. Quantum physics discovered the current of photons, again later the rules of electrodynamics were understood. So, as a photographer, you ‘paint’ with ‘electric light particles’ and ‘image electromagnetic waves’. ///

Across all image media, art connects ideas with people. Art encodes and excites via impulses and signals - analog and digital. The word parallels are interesting: ‘tension’, ‘excitement’, ‘code’, ‘impulse', ‘current’ and ‘signal’ are also key words within image design. ///

h:h:m:h creates digital image worlds.


Work : : :


‘Digital Twins’

The smooth, shiny and beige surface shows the face and naked body of the beautiful Venus. The bodies of two nymphs and a swan are cut at the edge of the picture. Above the head of Venus floats a group of spheres.
‘Deal Between Three Nymphs, Second Angle’ from the picture series ‘Digital Twins’ / Digital painting (Image detail)

Will algorithms create outstanding, artistic compositions in the future? : : :

To the digital paintings of the picture series ‘Digital Twins’ : : :

‘On the Origin of Digital Species’

The digital artwork shows a fantastic, artificial thistle flower, which is built from rotated elements and filigree structures, shining golden.
‘Asteraceae Suudrac, First Generation’ from the picture series ‘On the Origin of Digital Species’ / Digital painting

The list of extinct species is getting longer and longer. What are we left with after overkill? : : :

To the digital paintings of the picture series ‘On the Origin of Digital Species’ : : :

‘Lucid Dream of Past Times in Cambodia’

The photogrsph shows the Bamboo Bridge, which no longer exists in reality. In this composition, the artist drew on photographs he took in Cambodia many years ago.
‘United Multiple View # 2’ from the picture series ‘Lucid Dream of Past Times in Cambodia’ / Artistic photography/digital painting

The past times in Cambodia have left their traces also in the dreams : : :

To the United Multiple Views from the picture series ‘Lucid Dream of Past Times in Cambodia’ : : :

‘Transience’

Artistic photography: Withered and dried tulips cross each other in two image planes.
‘See you soon, I promise.’ From the picture series ‘Transience’ / United Multiple Views/Artistic photography

The transience makes the moments of life special. But we do not want to let time pass : : :

To the United Multiple Views from the picture series ‘Transience’ : : :

‘The Other Side Has …’

Artistic animation/projection from the series ›Infinite Rebirth of Madness‹

The armies continue to fight, the peace researchers continue to study, and the civilian populations continue to suffer. It’s war again in Europe : : :

To the animation ‘The Other Side Has …’ : : :

‘Infinite Rebirth of Madness’ III

Nuclear long-range weapons are lined up next to each other. Graphic loops with the symbol for infinity, form a time tunnel in the image space.
‘Composition W With Nuclear Intercontinental Missiles’ from the third series of paintings ‘Infinite Rebirth of Madness’ / Digital painting

We secure our peace with nuclear bombs for retaliation. Yet we have other urgent problems : : :

To the third series of paintings ‘Infinite Rebirth of Madness’ : : :

‘Infinite Rebirth of Madness’ II

A squadron of German Heinkel HE 111 bombers unloads its bomb cargo.
‘Composition N With Heinkel HE 111 Bombers’ from the second series of paintings ‘Infinite Rebirth of Madness’ / Digital painting

Caught in the dilemma, we perfect war machines but have no plan for lasting peace : : :

To the second series of paintings ‘Infinite Rebirth of Madness’ : : :

‘Infinite Rebirth of Madness’ I

A British Mark V tank from the First World War drives into the picture. In the background are more tanks of the same type driving on an endless loop.
‘Composition C With Mark V Tanks’ from the first series of paintings ‘Infinite Rebirth of Madness’ / Digital painting

The list of wars is long and the madness does not stop : : :

To the first series of paintings ‘Infinite Rebirth of Madness’ : : :

‘Exodus of Faith’

The Mother of God on an altar. The Madonna has her eyes turned to the sky. On both sides are candlesticks. In the black and white image, the scene is overlaid with massive graffiti spraying.
‘The First Plague: Turning All Waters Into Blood’ from the series of paintings ‘Exodus’ / Digital Painting

Christians in Germany are leaving the churches. Is their faith lost? : : :

To the digital paintings from the series ‘Exodus’ : : :

‘Poem About Fear’

‘Poem About Fear’ : : : Projection from the second series of paintings ‘Surveillance’ / Digital painting

When the last surveillance-free ‘reservations’ fall, there will be no turning back : : :

To the digital paintings and the projection ‘Poem About Fear’ : : :

‘Eyes of Order’

Mechanical flying insects swarm in front of a background of shimmering colors. The digital artwork portrays artificial flies with camera eyes.
‘Eyes of Order V’ from the first series of paintings ‘Surveillance’ / Digital painting

Surveillance technology is supposed to ensure security and order. How freely do we really move around with artificial eyes on our necks? : : :

To the digital paintings ‘Eyes of Order’ : : :

‘Evocation of the Forest’

The digital artwork shows barren rock in gloomy scenery and against darkened sky. The artistic image series is implemented in color. Blurred traces of light could also be interpreted as sparks.
‘Eifel, Germany (Future)’ from the picture series ‘Evocation of the Forest’ / Artistic photography/compositings

Through unrestrained ‘growth intentions’, through droughts and through pests, huge areas of forest are destroyed worldwide : : :

To the picture series ‘Evocation of the Forest’ : : :

‘NYC United Multiple Views’

Wall Street at night. The gloomy black-and-white scene shimmers with picture elements that unite in an unusual collage through the superimposition of several shots.
‘NYC United Multiple View # 7’ from the picture series / Digital collages

In New York City, impulses and consumer turnovers condense. On the downside, worries and heart attacks catch up with them : : :

To the collages ‘NYC United Multiple Views’ : : :

‘Trans-CRISPR-ians’

Artificial seeds strive towards an egg cell that is also artificial. The egg cell is surrounded by a futuristic-looking grid.
“It Will Make Its Way.” From the picture series ‘TransCRISPRians’ / Digital 3D art

Social acceptance of designer babies is not yet ready for the market : : :

To the picture series ‘TransCRISPRians’ : : :

‘Cildren of Icarus’

The new Icarus, flying chimera of man and bird contemplates the sun from afar after flight.
‘Flight Perspective Nine’ from the picture series ‘Children of Icarus’ / Digital paintings

A new hot age is driving humanity. In the race against the ‘fever of the earth’ a technological upgrade has begun : : :

To the picture series ‘Children of Icarus’ : : :

‘El Dorado 4.0’

Sunrise over the city of El Dorado. All the skyscrapers are made of pure gold, even the foundations shimmer golden. The mazes of the nine districts are built in the form of Aztec codes.
‘$ 1,684,800,000,000’ from the picture series ‘El Dorado 4.0’/ Digital paintings

Our relationship with money is pathological. We want more and more of it and are even willing to sell our happiness and livelihoods : : :

To the picture series ‘El Dorado 4.0’ : : :

‘In Isolation’

The global catastrophe of the Corona pandemic is expressed in the image by massive bars arranged in the form of the Earth's latitudes and longitudes. A person suffering from Covid-19 is locked in the cage, symbolically made visible by a head in the shape of a Corona virus.
‘In Isolation’ / Artistic projection and digital image sequences

Due to the Corona pandemic, human ties are broken, some die lonely and of grief : : :

To the artistic projection and the digital image sequences ‘In Isolation’ : : :

‘Sisyphos at Work’

The image series Sisyphus at Work illuminates the work of the future, the unemployment of older workers and the possible effects of digitalization. The image shows the main motif of the series, in which Sisyphus rolls a heavy stone up a mountain slope.
‘The Next Career Step’ from the picture series ‘Sisyphos at Work’ / Digital paintings

Digitization and artificial intelligence are set to revolutionize work. But what will become of the employees? : : :

To the picture series ‘Sisyphos at Work’ : : :

‘Angel of Fire and Fury’

The picture series Angel of Fire and Fury deals with nuclear war. The metaphorical depiction of Pandora opening the box and releasing evil into the world in the form of nuclear fission is digitally staged through golden, atomic structures.
‘Angel of Fire and Fury III’ / Digital paintings

With nuclear fission scientists released the spirit for the development of atomic bombs into the world : : :

To the picture series ‘Angel of Fire and Fury’ : : :

‘At the Edge of the CO2 Sphere’

Media art: Excerpt from the digital painting ‘At the edge of the CO2 sphere’. It depicts a modern-day wanderer who sticks his head through the shell of the earth’s atmosphere.
Detail of the digital painting ‘At the Edge of the CO2 Sphere III’ / Digital paintings

With climate change, we are walking on the precipice. Images and questions about our horizons : : :

To the picture series ‘At the Edge of the CO2 sphere’ : : :

‘Birth of Corona’

Detail of the digital painting ‘The Birth of Corona’. Shown is a yellow virus.
Digital painting ‘Birth of Corona’

With the news of the worldwide spread of a new disease everything changed : : :

To the picture ‘Birth of Corona’ : : :

‘Insects Leave Now’

Artistic 3D-visualization of a fantastic insect, composed of transparent elements in front of a black background. Close up view of 'VEGA' (the Queen) from the picture series 'Insects leave now'. The calligraphically written names of extinct insects are listed in the background.
‘INSECT, ID: VEGA’ (the Queen) from the picture series ‘Insects Leave Now’ / Animation and digital paintings

We need insects to survive. But they're just leaving us : : :

To the picture series ‘Insects Leave Now’ : : :

‘Dante 2020’

Digital rendering thief from the picture series Dante 2020 by digital artist Heinz Herann Maria Hoppe.
‘Thief, Bust Portrait’ from the picture cycle ‘Dante 2020’ / Digital paintings

Blows of fate, ‘hell on earth’ and compensatory justice. Sinners’ from Dante’s Divine Comedy digitally interpreted : : :

To the picture series ‘Dante 2020’ : : :

‘Deep Sea Creatures’

‘Mesopelagic # 1’ from the series and projections ‘Deep Sea Creatures’ / Digital art

Organic organisms and biotechnologies combine to form artificial hybrids : : : An artistic vision : : :

To the picture series/the animations ‘Deep Sea Creatures’ : : :

‘Mankind, Multiplying’

Picture motif from the picture cycle Mankind, multiplying.
‘Mankind, Multiplying I’ from the picture cycle / Digital art

How much longer can the Earth support us? Human growth questioned : : :

To the picture cycle ‘Mankind, multiplying’ : : :

‘Calculated Beauty’

Picture Calculated beauty.
‘Calculated Beauty’ / Digital art

The future of beauty. About algorithms and creativity : : :

To the picture ‘Calculated Beauty’ : : :

‘Flight Attempts of the Phoenix’

Photographic light staging, shot 7. A woman shines through traces of light that trace the body movements through long exposure.
‘Seventh Flight Attempt of the Phoenix’ from the series of paintings ‘Flight Attempts of the Phoenix’ / Artistic photography

Rising from the ashes to go through life more freely – this is what the mythology of the phoenix stands for : : :

To the picture series ‘Flight Attempts of the Phoenix’ : : :

All the following posts are comments.
Author: Heinz Hermann Maria Hoppe


Essay ‘Virtuality in Everyday Life’ : : :


We Are Hybrids : : : We Live in a Previrtual World.


An online transfer is a virtual transaction. We have never seen our money. We don’t hand it over in person; it exists in the form of data. Apart from a few wipes on a smooth display, there is nothing to touch. The former trip to the bank is replaced by online banking. Web design replaces the on-site appearance – the carpeting in the branch, the wood veneer of the bank counter. Instead of a handshake, we get a pixelated portrait of our ‘personal’ bank advisor mirrored on the monitor, occasionally even an avatar. Advising, informing, establishing and maintaining trust no longer take place in private. Online chats with robots replace e-mails, text messages and telephone calls with flesh-and-blood employees. Not always satisfactory, but we are working on it. We confirm our own identity with a numerical code, the paper remittance slip is a thing of the past, and the paper signature is just a relic.

Our physical spaces of experience are being virtualized. We have not yet arrived in pure virtuality and probably never will be completely, because we are bound to our bodies. But our mental ‘activities’ are well on their way. The changes in our lives due to the worldwide conversion into digital processes are epochal and in full swing. Virtuality is being infiltrated into our lives like a Trojan horse.

The feeling of being oneself is first of all a simulation. Our brain calculates ‘reality’ by matching possible scenarios and outputting the most probable version as reality. For reality to feel ‘real’, credible interaction with bodies is required – with people, animals, spaces or things. Without resonance from outside and without interaction, we have no comparison, no yardstick to determine our reality.

But feedbacks can also be given virtually and ‘realized’ in the form of simulations. What will appear to us as ‘reality’ when we can no longer distinguish the virtual from the real world? Will we choose the more comfortable world when the simulations have become perfect? Will we choose the world where we have less worries and hardships, where everything is nice and easy ‘off the hook’? Why shouldn’t we be happier in such virtual world? How real is the ‘analog world’? Or will it remain with mixed forms?


2022 : : : Virtuality Is Everyday Life.


The wristwatch replaces an app on the smartphone. Instead of looking out the window, we trust the weather app. Webcams bring our vacation spots home in advance. We no longer write on paper as often with a ballpoint pen, but with our thumbs on the smartphone – with limbs that have evolved to grasp. With online services, we shop conveniently around the clock all over the world. Doctor’s appointments are made online, and remote diagnosis is also becoming increasingly common. We initiate our next love affair online. Entertainment, customer advice, wayfinding – all digital. Talking jukeboxes search for information on weekend events in the region for us on demand. Our room can become a cyber living space with VR glasses: Our bodies continue to reside between cemented walls, but in our minds we can already traverse boundless dimensions. Our children drive virtual car races in digital landscapes. Five-year-olds run through the streets, staring spellbound at the screens of their smartphones; oblivious, fascinated and absorbed in parallel worlds. It seems as if they are literally being pulled into the virtual spaces.

Virtual space is creating a social paradigm shift, and we are right in the middle of it. Every day, we move around in virtual parallel worlds as a matter of course, at work and at home – even without 3D glasses. These worlds are just as real as the rooms in our homes. We can do business, have fun or commit crimes in them. We make contact with other people and connect with them - just like in ‘real’ life. They have long been an integral part of our lives.

There can be no purely virtual life as long as we are bound to a body. But the boundaries of virtuality are shifting. Already today, bedridden patients have relationships with people on other continents whom they know only as avatars and will never meet in person. They seek comfort in virtual relationships.


»Virtualität ist die Eigenschaft einer Sache, nicht in der Form zu existieren, in der sie zu existieren scheint, aber in ihrem Wesen oder ihrer Wirkung einer in dieser Form existierenden Sache zu gleichen. Virtualität meint also eine gedachte Entität, die in ihrer Funktionalität oder Wirkung vorhanden ist.«1

(Approximate translation: Virtuality is the property of a thing not to exist in the form in which it appears to exist, but to resemble in its essence or effect a thing existing in that form. Virtuality thus means an imagined entity that exists in its functionality or effect.)


New production conditions are the end of the classic industrial society. We no longer live in the age of production, but in the age of information. Knowledge has always been power – now data has become a commodity. Because these developments are gradual, we are rarely aware of them. Every day, resourceful entrepreneurs come up with new ideas to further streamline processes. Manufacturers are digitally reinventing themselves and every single production step.

The industry is talking about ‘digital twins’, ‘Internet of Thinks’, ‘cloud computing’, ‘artificial intelligence’ and ‘user experience’. ‘Position tracking’ calculates the body features of dead actors onto the moving, virtual 3D bones of real filmed extras; a third, virtual ‘being’ is calculated from a dead and a living person. International flows of goods flow into virtual simulations for efficiency testing. Products and services are planned, produced and distributed on a virtual level. VR goggles mirror components into space for the engineer to reach through. Teams from different parts of the world meet after lunch via video conference for an update. Marketing? Virtual bidding on click rates. Virtual reality has long since become reality. We live a mixed life of real and virtual experiences. Our life is hybrid! We are ‘pre-virtuals’!


Fictions for the Evolution of Virtual Reality:


2050: Physical locations are no longer important in virtual organizations. Old workplaces have disappeared from existence like objects of utility. New jobs, products and services have been transformed into digital equivalents. The reduced relevance of locations for jobs and places of residence also blurs the boundaries between working time and leisure. Work is no longer perceived as work at all, and leisure is no longer perceived as leisure.

Our perception has been reversed. At some point people have to decide whether they want to live in the new, virtual world or in the old, analogue world. There is a kind of quality seal for nostalgic premium products: ‘real’, physically experienced environments in the old world. They are sold as historical adventure trips, just like study trips to Ephesus in the past. Otherwise, we no longer travel ‘live’, but only send our spirit on its way. We perceive the experience as equally intense. We can now play chess with our deceased, virtually revived friend. The algorithms of the artificial intelligence combine his words collected during his lifetime into entertaining conversation. Parents in nursing homes receive virtual visits from their children much more often and no longer have to wait until the weekend or even Christmas. There are hardly any ‘facts’ left. Online psycho-consulting, online law, cyber cash, cyber marketing, cyber sex, ... we miss nothing!


Open Questions About the Evolution of Virtual Life:


When our actions are digitalized, our experiences will also be virtual. Will we at some point forget the analogue ways of dealing and living? Will our hands, arms, and trunks atrophy along with our manual skills? Don’t we already look different, rounder and more curved today because of our hours of virtual activity in front of the ‘TVs’? Do our physical experiences evaporate? Are we leaving the analogue world? Will we find our way back to the analogue world once we have left it or will we then remain trapped in the apparent authenticity of virtuality. In the end, will only the real basic needs remain for the analogue life? Shall we?


Essay ‘Virtuality in Art’ : : :


We Experience Epochal Innovations. Virtuality Takes up Ever Larger Spaces : : : Art Needs a Suitable Name for the New Epoch: ‘Virtual Art’.


Clusters have advantages and disadvantages. The biggest advantage is the better understanding of groupings by identifying commonalities and intentions. Assignments help to identify what it is all about, what basic attitude and direction a work should express. The biggest disadvantage of a ‘drawer’ is the generalization. The artist is no different in this respect than a brand or a politician whose party is assigned to a basic colour. People like drawers. They are helpful in sorting thoughts and reduce complexity.


In the man-made era of the Anthropocene we are experiencing a parallel revolution. We are crossing the boundaries of analogue life with great strides towards a symbiosis of analogue and virtual existence. The process is continuous and creeping - we therefore usually do not consciously perceive the effects on our lives. In art, too, analog boundaries dissolve and our existence between physical and virtual realities is increasingly being addressed.

In the book “Was gibt’s zu sehen, 150 Jahre Moderne Kunst” from Will Gompertz2 the timeline of art epochs following postmodernism, minimal art, concept and performance art ends with the names of the current artist stars. »Kunst heute« (Art Today) is the end of the time travel through the exciting art history of modernism.

Isn’t there something missing?


Contemporary art lacks a name that expresses the outstanding changes through virtuality.


In its origins, media art was linked to photographic and film techniques. It uses media technologies such as film, video, television and computer as ‘image carriers’ instead of canvas and sculpture. The generic term ‘media art’ with its subdivisions into ‘digital art’, ‘video art’, ‘computer art’, ‘robot art’ etc. thus refers to the media and tools used. The art genres of ‘Conceptual Art’, ‘Processual Art’, ‘Generative Art’, ‘Interactive Art’, ‘Performative Art’, ‘Net Art’, ‘Game Art’ etc. overlap and connect in places with media art. Works of art that are realized with the tools of virtual reality are also referred to as ‘VR art’ by a generic term. It also describes the medium.

The drastic changes brought about by digital and virtual processes are not about another category for a new art genre, but about the description of an epoch!


Epochs are bound to time, not to conceptual methods, media, used technologies or procedures.


Artists will increasingly deal with virtual themes. New digital processes will further change the production of art. The proposed name ‘Virtual Art’ for the present epoch reflects the upheaval in our time. It is not about genres or painting styles, but about a new form of existence.

What’s next? What will become of fine art in a virtual world? Will virtual artists present virtual artworks in virtual museums?

Philip Rosedale, founder of ‘Second Life’, it looks forward to it: »In einigen Jahren werden wir die reale Welt als Museum betrachten«. (Analogous translation: In a few years we’ll look at the real world as a museum.)3


Essay ‘Artificial Traditions in Art’ : : :


Criticism of the Art Market and the Show:


The ‘modern’ art epoch has served its time. We can continue to admire her work, but it no longer reflects our wishes, dreams and visions – our lives. It is time to dare more and more often to try something new.


Why the art world’s constant and devout bowing to pictorial themes that centuries ago moved the elites of the nobility and the Church? Were they deprived of view of commissioned art, which today is kept in safes for the longest time? In front of pictures that have mutated into objects of trade and prestige whose astronomical prices are artificially inflated? ///

What does a painting that basically copies or varies old ideas want to tell us today? What do variants of Minimal Art have to tell us that is new, apart from asking questions to specialized art critics? Where are innovative forms of presentation in the temples of art museums? Who is still captivated by the ritual of vernissages with opening speeches full of empty words and small talk with champagne glasses in front of white gallery walls? What is the point of the filtered, iconographic decoding of image details by museum educators who sell their view of “groundbreaking works” and thus rob the pictures of their aura? Why do we walk like lemmings through boring exhibitions in the stink of the Sunday visitor queues? ///

We need more, new, previously undiscovered art and creative forms of presentation. We need the opening and financial appreciation for fresh, unknown art and artists. There is a lack of courageous, contemporary and questioning art in museums instead of the constant mystification of the painter with the cut off ear and the endless reproduction of the tomato soup cans. ///

Outside the museum door we read about plastic particles in pack ice belts, melting glaciers, extinction of species, migration, diesel scandal, care crisis, freedom of opinion, world food, hate messages, lie press, wars ... but inside the museum the same pattern is repeated without any emotion: “important collections” show “important artists” from the ‘drawers’ Bauhaus, Expressionism, Impressionism, Art Nouveau, Constructivism, Surrealism, etc. The thoraxes of the trained visitors swell when they are able to recite the right art epochs - as in a vocabulary test. Art reception should look different. ///

There are exciting artists who go beyond familiar boundaries of perception. Many of these creatives create excellent works, are at the same time unknown and live below the subsistence level! There are exhibitions of contemporary art that are excitingly staged. There are alternative presentation formats and discussions about voluntarily refraining from intercontinental museum visits. But the relationship of new art platforms to established rituals does not fit. The budgets for urban prestige new buildings are disproportionately high. The Sunday cultural visits to the sacred halls of the museums have an artificial effect. The clientele of collectors and customers of galleries and auction houses with their merchandise art is circumscribed. The relevance of art in people’s everyday lives is not right, partly because of a lack of credibility with the art scene. Modern and abstract art has a problem of trust and thus an image problem. ///

Art should be more integrated into our everyday life, not only in the form of a bronze sculpture on the square in front of the town hall. We should surround ourselves with art, always and quite naturally. In the street scene, in parks, in front of and behind the front door. Art should be as omnipresent as no parking signs. Much more art fits into our commonplaces. For a better quality of life and a higher level of culture. ///


Questions for Artists, Curators, Gallery Owners, Collectors and Politicians:



It is time for art to reinvent itself and for the art market to protect more contemporary art. Art belongs quite naturally in the middle of life, not behind light barriers on an obeisant pedestal. Broad appreciation is not made possible by presentations in elite circles, but by the continuous and imaginative staging in public spaces.


Comments:
1: Page ›Virtualität‹. In: Wikipedia, The free Enzyklopädie. Processing status: September 24, 2019, 11:12 UTC. URL: https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Virtualit%C3%A4t&oldid=192541104 (Retrieved: Januar 7, 2020, 19:16 UTC)
2: Will Gompertz: »Was gibt’s zu sehen, 150 Jahre Moderne Kunst«. DuMont-Buchverlag, Köln, 2014, Fold-out pages
3: Eva Wolfangel: »Virtuelle Welten. Große Illustion, echte Gefühle«. GEO-Magazin, Gruner + Jahr, Edition 12/2019, Page 142 ff.

Recommended reading:
Nicole Zepter, ›Kunst hassen. Eine enttäuschte Liebe‹. Tropen Sachbuch.


In the texts, the masculine form is used for better readability. This refers to people of any gender.

Translated with www.deepl.com/Translator


h:h:m:h
Heinz Hermann Maria Hoppe
Digital Artist/Dipl.-Designer (FH)

Phone +49 (0)89 20184595
hoppe@hhmh-kunst.de
www.hhmh-kunst.de

Tassiloweg 18
85737 Ismaning (near Munich)
Germany


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